What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a gum inflammation which can affect a lot more than just the gum. Dental plaque on your teeth causes an inflammation around the edge of your gums. This is called gingivitis. This inflammation can spread to the lower part of your jawbone. Eventually this causes periodontitis (bone decay or even loss) and at a later stage you may lose your teeth or implants.

Cause of periodontitis

Gum inflammation is caused by bacteria built up in the dental plaque. Dental plaque is a combination of a soft and sticky and an almost invisible layer of saliva proteins and a high percentage of bacteria that settles on your teeth. This soft layer can turn into a hard layer, called calculus, that sticks to your teeth. On top of this hard deposit a second layer of dental plaque will be formed.

The above-mentioned inflammation can be found deep in the jawbone located around your teeth. This inflammation causes a pocket to be found between the gum and teeth. This second dental plaque will enable the inflammation to spread deeper, causing fibres that break and a receding jawbone.

Symptoms of periodontitis

 Periodontitis can go unnoticed for a long time. This inflammation rarely causes pain. Symptoms often do not occur or only at a late stage. In an advanced state loss of teeth or implants where periodontitis is present is likely to happen.

Some symptoms that may indicate periodontitis:

  • Red, swollen and painful gums
  • Bleeding gums when eating or brushing teeth
  • Receding gums or the appearance of pockets (or spaces) between the gum and the teeth
  • Bad taste or a bad breath (halitosis)

Effects of periodontitis

 Receding gums are very unpleasant. Roots are partially exposed, resulting in sensitive teethe and gums. This can be very painful when brushing your teeth, eating and drinking – especially with hot and cold food and drinks. 

Do I have periodontitis?

To assess whether you actually have periodontitis, please make an appointment with your dentist or dental hygienist. These professionals can measure the depth of space between your tooth and gum using a pocket-depth measurement. After the assessment, your dental professional will discuss a course of treatment with you. To help relieve periodontitis, tartar and plaque in the pockets will need to be removed by a dental professional. In addition, having a good oral care routine at home is of the utmost importance. If your periodontitis is in an advanced stage, you may be referred to a periodontitis for further treatment.


When your gums bleed, it could mean you have a gum inflammation caused by dental plaque. In order to take care of your gums, we recommend you brush at least twice a day, and rinse with mouthwash afterwards. Use specific to tools to clean the spaces between teeth (inter-dental cleaning). Make sure to visit an oral hygienist or dentist at least twice a year.


Maintaining good oral health relieves the symptoms of periodontitis and prevents tooth loss. Your dental professional will clean your teeth and pockets and apply bluem® oral gel in the practice. This is then followed up using bluem® toothpaste and Mouthwash at home twice a day. If your pockets are deeper than 4 mm Dr. Blijdorp advises you to rub bluem® oral gel in the pocket after brushing your teeth and rinsing with bluem® Mouthwash. This way the oxygen can have an optimal effect in the mouth. By regularly using bluem® Oral Gel in combination with the right oral hygiene and tooth cleaning procedure, the pocket will be reduced and the inflammation will disappear in most cases.

bluem® Oral Gel is developed for treating periodontitis:

  • It normalises and controls harmful bacteria
  • It reduces and prevents inflammation
  • It accelerates the wound healing process

bluem® Oral Gel is a medical device. Read the instructions before use.

FAQ’s about periodontitis

How do you get periodontitis?

We have numerous amounts of bacteria in our mouth. These bacteria can stick to your teeth – this is called plaque. Plaque, if not removed properly, can cause an infection. If you don’t treat the infection, you teeth can eventually become loose and even fall out. Risk factors include: smoking, stress, bad dental hygiene and diabetes.

How do I recognise periodontitis?

Periodontitis can cause gums to look red and swollen, and can cause bleeding. It can also cause bad breath. As periodontitis is not always visible, it is important to have a regular check-up with your dentist.

What are the consequences of periodontitis on the body?

Periodontitis is associated with a higher risk of heart problems, problems during pregnancy, and increased risk of infections. Periodontitis can also cause halitosis (bad breath).